Hamaika Telebista


Hamaika Telebista is a chain of television private, available in open (signal earth ) and Cable , which broadcasts in the Basque Country and Navarra ( Spain ). It was presented on September 19, 2006, after an agreement between the EKHE group (which publishes the Gara and Le Journal du Pays Basque newspapers ), CMN (which publishes Grupo Noticias and Deia ), EKT ( Berria ), the Elkar publishing house, the production company Bainet - owned by Karlos Arguiñano -, and the cable operator Euskaltel.

The objective of this group, which forms Hamaika Telebista, is to promote Basque on television, since its broadcasts are entirely in this language.

This television broadcasts by DTT throughout the territory of the Basque Country thanks to licenses directly granted to this company and those granted to televisions grouped within the Tokiko Telebista association, in the demarcations of Tolosa, Mondragón, Zarauz, Beasáin and Durango.



ETB 2 is the second television channel from the Euskal Irrati Telebista group in the Basque Autonomous Community, Navarre and the French Basque Country. The channel broadcasts entirely in Spanish.

The channel launched on 31 May 1986. A HD feed of ETB 2 was launched on 21 December 2016.

Its reception area comprises the whole Basque Country — i.e. the Basque Autonomous Community, Navarre and the Northern Basque Country — and some surrounding places.

Its programming includes: news, interviews, films and documentaries.



ETB 1 is the first television channel from the Euskal Irrati Telebista group in the Basque Autonomous Community, Navarre and the French Basque Country. The channel broadcasts entirely in Basque.

The channel began test transmissions on 31 December 1982 and officially launched on 16 February 1983 as ETB, using this name until the launch of its sister ETB 2 on 31 May 1986, at which point ETB was renamed to ETB 1. A HD feed of ETB 1 was launched on 21 December 2016.

Its reception area comprises the whole Basque Country — i.e. the Basque Autonomous Community, Navarre and the Northern Basque Country — and some surrounding places.

Its programming includes: interviews, films, documentaries, sports, youth and children's programmes, making a strong emphasis on sports and children's programming.

The EiTB group's second main television channel, ETB 2, broadcasts in Spanish.



Euskal Irrati Telebista (EITB, Basque Radio-television) is the Basque Autonomous Community's public broadcast service. Its main brand is Euskal Telebista (ETB, Basque Television).

EITB is the leading media group in the Basque Autonomous Community of Spain with four domestic television channels and five radio stations. Their channels are also broadcast in the whole Basque Country, and people in nearby territories such as Burgos (in Castile and León), Cantabria, Huesca (province) and Zaragoza (province) (in Aragon), La Rioja, and Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in France) can also get the signal. It has been running since 1982 and during this period it has established itself as a major media organisation, connecting with more than a million people every day. The majority of EITB's broadcasts deal with local news and entertainment.

In Francoist Spain, the Basque underground had an independent voice, Radio Euskadi, which operated on shortwave from two continents.

On 20 May 1982 the Basque Parliament unanimously approved the law that set up Euskal Irrati Telebista and on 23 November, the radio channel Euskadi Irratia started broadcasting. ETB, for its part, reached Basque households at midnight on 31 December 1982 with a presentation by the Basque Lehendakari Carlos Garaikoetxea and its programmes were regularized, starting from 16 February in the following year. At the time about 30 people worked in the ETB centre in Iurreta to provide programmes exclusively in Basque.

Several years later, ETB 2, its second flagship television channel, commenced operations on 31 May 1986 broadcasting in Spanish, and at the present time it has a further two international channels. Following an agreement between Sogecable and EITB, 87 million households all over Europe have been able to pick up ETB Sat from the Astra satellite since May 2001. It may be picked up via Sogecable's Digital Plus satellite-TV service throughout Spain. The EITB Group's fourth television channel is Canal Vasco, a medium specifically geared towards the Americas, where it reaches viewers through American DTH and cable companies.

Following the implementation of Digital terrestrial television, the Basque government allowed EITB to create two new digital television channels. The first, ETB 3, started broadcasting in October 2008, offering programming for children and youngsters in Basque. The second, ETB 4 was first expected to be a bilingual news channel, but was later redefined as a sports channel. Its launch was postponed but ETB 4 subsequently launched officially on 29 October 2014.

The EITB group also has five radio stations with more than 300,000 listeners every day - Euskadi Irratia, Radio Euskadi, Radio Vitoria, Euskadi Gaztea and EITB Musika respectively.

Canal 33 Madrid


Canal 33 Madrid is a local television belonging to the Association of Local Televisions of the Community of Madrid that began broadcasting in the city of Madrid , Spain in 1994.

It is the continuation of another television adventure of a lesser nature that was called Channel 47 (it began in September 1994), and which broadcast mainly for the districts of Centro, Carabanchel, Villaverde and Latina. After the transfer (sale of rights) of part of the radioelectric space of Channel 47 to José Frade so that he created Channel 7 , Channel 33 began as such in 1996 , broadcasting from Channel 33 in the UHF band, where it remained until 24 December 2005, in which the award of said frequency in Madrid for the analog broadcast of La Sexta forced to move to UHF channel 45, which is where it has broadcast in analog until March 2010, when it continues with DTT technology for Madrid capital and its area of ​​influence.

Channel 33 thus takes its name from its original broadcast frequency in Madrid and has no relationship whatsoever with the second channel of Televisió de Catalunya .

Subsequently, in May 2012 the Community of Madrid expelled all existing TV stations in the Torre de Valencia. It was a decision of the government of Esperanza Aguirre. To alleviate this effect, Canal 33 installed its main transmitter on Calle General Perón (in front of the Santiago Bernabeu stadium), and installed a repeater in the Axión tower in Vicálvaro (next to the La Almudena cemetery). With these two broadcasts, channel 45 and channel 57, the entire city of Madrid and a large part of its periphery were covered.

Bon Dia TV


Bon Dia TV is a generalist television channel in Catalan with content from the public televisions of the Catalan-speaking autonomous communities TV3, and IB3. Its programming is based on documentaries, series, cuisine, literature, culture, science, traditions and sports. The channel began its online broadcasts on November 27, 2018 with an agreement between Televisión de Catalunya and IB3 Televisió to create a television space in Catalan.



3/24 is a Spanish Catalan-language free-to-air news and information network operated by Televisió de Catalunya (TVC). It was launched on 11 September 2003.

3/24 was born on 11 September 2003 as an initiative of the Catalan public television to develop digital terrestrial television in Catalonia. However, a general lack of DVB-T set top boxes combined with slight public interest towards digital terrestrial television prompted TVC to simulcast in analogue.

From its launch on 11 September 2003 until 12 June 2004, 3/24 was on air daily from 11 p.m. till 8:30 a.m.. The channel now operates as a regular full-time channel.



Television in South Africa was introduced in 1976. South Africa was relatively late in introducing television broadcasting to its population. In 1985, a new service called TV4 was introduced, carrying sports and entertainment programming, using the channel shared by TV2 and TV3, which ended transmissions at 9:30 pm.